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Portuguese Vocabulary: Talking About Feelings and Emotions


In this post, we’ll look at some simple Portuguese vocabulary and sentence constructions on the topic of feelings and emotions. There aren’t too many grammatical issues in this area–learning it is mostly a case of working on the vocabulary with your tutor, applying it to some real-life scenarios so you can get a feel for how it works.


Below, we’ll go through some useful verb conjugations and vocabulary for talking about emotions in Portuguese, and then use them to assemble some simple phrases and sentences.


Estar, Sentir, and Conjugations

In order to talk about feelings and emotions, you’ll need to learn a few basic verb conjugations, as well as the necessary Portuguese vocabulary. For the sake of simplicity, in this post we’ll limit ourselves to talking about emotions in the present tense. In most situations, you’ll need either the verb estar (to be), the verb sentir (to feel), or both. Below, we list the conjugations of those verbs for the most common Portuguese personal pronouns.


Estar

Eu estou

I am

Tu estás

You are

Ele/ela/você está

He/she/it is, you are

Nós estamos

We are

Eles/elas/vocês estão

They/you (plural) are


Sentir

Eu sinto

I feel

Tu sentes

You feel

Ele/ela/você sente

He/she/it feels, you feel

Nós sentimos

We feel

Eles/elas/vocês sentem

They/you (plural) feel


Vocabulary

Below is a list of some of the Portuguese vocabulary that can be used when talking about feelings and emotions.


Happy

Feliz


Sad

Triste


Scared

Assustado(a)


Bored

Entediado(a)


Tired

Cansado(a)


Excited

Animado


Angry

Raivoso(a) / Com raiva (lit: “with anger”)


Worried

Preocupado(a)


Surprised

Surpreso(a)


Calm

Calmo(a)


Embarrassed

Envergonhado(a)


Depressed

Depressivo(a) / Deprimido(a)


Pain

Dor


Joy

Alegria


Fear

Medo


Putting It Together

Now we have the Portuguese vocabulary and the verb conjugations, we can start assembling phrases and sentences. Below are some examples of simple Portuguese phrases talking about feelings and emotions.


I’m happy.

Eu estou feliz.


You’re sad.

Tu es triste.


He’s scared.

Ele está assustado.


She’s bored.

Ela está entediada.


Are you tired?

Você está cansado?


We’re excited.

Nós estamos animados.


They’re angry.

Eles estão com raiva.


Are you guys worried?

Vocês estão preocupados?


She feels depressed.

Ela se sente deprimida.


I feel fear.

Eu sinto medo.


Do you feel joy?

Tu sentes alegria?


A note on tu vs. você: both of these words translate as “you,” but exactly which one you use depends both on the situation and whether you’re learning Brazilian or European Portuguese (and even on which Brazilian regional dialect is being used). Your tutor can help you with this subject.


Learn More on This Subject

There’s still more to cover on this subject–for instance, talking about emotions in the past tense is something that people do quite frequently. The easiest way of getting your Portuguese vocabulary for this subject up to scratch is to work on it with a tutor, who can help you with all the material in this post and much more, and answer any questions that you might have.

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